Fall is now in full swing! Just because the weather is changing and the days are becoming shorter, that doesn't mean your organic summer garden has to wither away until the spring! If you live in a place without snow or ice, you can continue your green thumb all year long!  Some vegetables do much better when the temperatures drop a little, and they don't have direct sun for long periods of time. Here are my picks for the 6 essential vegetables for your fall and winter garden.

1. Broccoli: Grows great in cooler temperatures. Requires lots water, approximately 4-6 hours of sun per day. Make sure to cut the heads off before they start sprouting yellow flowers! 

2. Cauliflower: Actually part of the same family as broccoli and brussel spouts. So they need the same amount of light and water. Once your cauliflower are nice and white, approximately 60 days, cut the heads and harvest. Cauliflower are so easy to use and taste great with little added.  Break up the head of the cauliflower. Lightly drizzle with truffle oil so the cauliflower is lightly coated. Salt away, and bake at 400 degrees for 40 minutes. 

3. Swiss Chard: This is a staple of any fall salad greens mix. It is not only a very colorful addition to your garden, but also very tasty. You can harvest at any time, but the smaller leaves are a little sweeter. If you are looking to make salads regularly, make sure to plant 6-10 plants, so you can rotate which plants you harvest. 

4. Brussel Sprouts: These plants love their cooler climates, but still need ample water and 4-6 hours of sunlight. Harvest when the buds are about 1-2 inches in diameter. 1 plant can produce 2-3 pounds of sprouts! Of course, when cooking these delectable treats, i'm always a huge fan of adding bacon! 

5. Kale: The queen of resilient crops. They are very resistant to cold temps, and will produce almost all year round. Whether you use your kale for salads, smoothies or juicing, with a nutritional label like Kale's, you can't go wrong! 

6: Butternut Squash: A true Fall classic. Butternut squash take a little longer to grow, approximately 90 days, but i think they are worth the wait. They need lots of sunlight and lots of water! And they are a very large plant, so make sure they have plenty of room to grow! But there are so many great options for using butternut squash, from pastas, to soups, straight up, or even on pizza. 

Happy farming!
Dr. Vincent